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Medical School vs Residency Comparison

Medical School versus Residency!

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Medical School vs College (Part 1):

In this video we compare medical school to residency and go over:
1) Structure 00:38
2) Length 01:36
3) Grading & Evaluation 02:26
4) Cost & Finances (Making Money!) 03:31
5) Work Life Balance 04:25
6) Testing Knowledge & Skill 05:19
7) Standardized Exams 05:40

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The structure of medical school and residency are inherently different. In medical school you’re still a student, hence “school”. When residency starts, you’re a doctor and you’re working a job and finally making money.

Medical school is usually 4 years, although some medical students opt to take an additional year for research or an additional degree, like a masters. Residency, on the other hand, is highly variable, from 3 to 7 years depending on the specialty. Surgical specialties are usually longer than non-surgical specialties. I personally matched into plastic surgery, which is 6 years.

In terms of grading and evaluation, medical school can still be competitive even with pass/fail grading. If you want to go into something competitive like plastic surgery, dermatology, or orthopedic surgery, then obtaining top exam scores and Honors on your clinical rotations is key.

The average medical student graduates with $190,000 in student loans and debt. In residency, you’ll be making money and can start paying off your loans! But… you’ll be making about $50,000 per year, so that usually means minimal payments for most residents.

In terms of testing knowledge and skill, residency has fewer tests than medical school (which has fewer tests than college/university). Feedback in residency is more informal and often verbal.

And finally there are standardized tests. In medical school, you’ll take Step 1, Step 2 CK, and Step 2 CS. In residency, you’ll just take Step 3, then a yearly exam known as the inservice, and finally a formal licensing exam at the end of your training, known as the boards exam.

At the end of the day, residency is tough, frustrating, and trying, but overall the work is incredibly rewarding. You’re finally the doctor you’ve always dreamed of being.

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Disclaimer: Content of this video is my opinion and does not constitute medical advice. The content and associated links provide general information for general educational purposes only. Use of this information is strictly at your own risk. Kevin Jubbal, M.D. and Med School Insiders LLC will not assume any liability for direct or indirect losses or damages that may result from the use of information contained in this video including but not limited to economic loss, injury, illness or death.


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  1. Yes but one thing I can’t understand, after several years studying and practicing… why do we still have good doctors and bad doctors. Something is wrong here? Just guessing 😆😷

  2. In Turkey, we have this system.

    – 6 year M.D

    – specialisation (3 – 5 years, depending on what you want to do)

    And example of Plastic Surgery first year residency:
    -15 night shifts
    (start) 08.00-17.00—nightshit—08.00-17.00 (finish) next morning 08.00 start again

    For me: It is not humanistic!

  3. For an upcoming video, could you please go over different types of doctors (I know there are way too many to say each one but just general categories) and what you should major in to get the specific job as a doctor you want? Thanks so much, love your videos!

  4. I'll just ask, do you have to have (sorry for my english) a speciakty after residency before you can like, have your own clinic at a hospital?also, what happens after residency?can you stay at the hospital and work? Whats the best career path to take?

  5. I want to be a cosmetic plastic surgeon! Im 19 and still taking prerequisites for nursing (idk if i still want to do that). People say the nursing background will help, but I know that the program doesn't contain all the pre reqs. necessary for medical school. Now I am not sure what I want to major in… I need advice!! I'm a phlebotomist so I have very little medical background but I want experience that will impress the medical schools I apply to.

  6. In desperate need of help. I’m a US citizen and finished Med school in Mexico. I have passed all 3 steps of USMLE but had to retest part 2
    Trying for residency last 3 years with this last attempt after step 3
    Interested in Pediatric or Family Medicine. Very few interviews
    Can you help. I want to practice in an underserved area
    What to do

  7. In the Philippines
    – 4 year pre-med course
    – 4 year medical school then you get your MD degree so you’re called a doctor but without a license yet
    – 1 year post-graduate internship
    – Physician Licensure Exam. Once you pass, you can now practice as a General Practitioner
    – After you get your license, you get 2-3 years residency
    – 2-3 years of fellowship and subspecialty
    – then congrats, you are a doctor

  8. 19, mexican med student, second semester; it would mean the world to me if you could do a video on how to become a licensed doctor in the U.S. (for us who are from other countries); really great content, thanks for everything!

  9. Could I get a bachelors in medicine in Ireland then do a residency in the US? I don’t think I want to train here in Ireland unless I would be able to work abroad too.


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